India is Republic Country, and a Governor is the constitutional head of each of the state. The President of India appoint Governor for a term of five years. The governor is de-jure head of the state government; all its executive actions are taken in the governor’s name. However, the governor must act on the advice of the popularly elected council of ministers, headed by the chief minister, who thus hold de-facto executive authority at the state-level.
Constitutional provision of Governor-
- Article 153 –
According to this article shall be Governor for each state of India. But 7th Constitutional Amendment act, 1956 facilitated the appointment of the same person as a Governor for two or more states in India.
- Article 156 –
Indian President Appoints the Governor for each state of India and Governor hold office during the pleasure of President. It should be also noted that this article also mentions tenure of governor. In this regard it says that Governor shall hold office for the term of 5 years from date he enters office.
Working of Governor –
- Indian Constitution empowers the governor to act upon his/her own discretion, such as the ability to appoint or dismiss a ministry, recommend President’s rule, or reserve bills for the President’s assent.
- The exercise of these discretionary powers (विवेकाधीन शक्तियों का प्रयोग) have given rise to conflict b/w the elected chief minister and the central government–appointed governor.
List of Current Governor of India -Updated-2018
|Sr.||State Name||Current Governors Name|
|1||Andhra Pradesh||E. S. L. Narasimhan|
|2||Arunachal Pradesh||Padmanabha Acharya|
|4||Bihar||Lal Ji Tandan|
|5||Chhattisgarh||Balramji Das Tandon|
|7||Gujarat||Om Prakash Kohli|
|9||Himachal Pradesh||Acharya Dev Vrat|
|10||Jammu and Kashmir||Satyapal Malik|
|14||Madhya Pradesh||Om Prakash Kohli|
|15||Maharashtra||C. Vidyasagar Rao|
|20||Odisha||S. C. Jamir|
|21||Punjab||V P Singh Badnore|
|24||Tamil Nadu||C. Vidyasagar Rao(Addl. charge)|
|25||Telangana||E. S. L. Narasimhan|
|26||Tripura||Pro Kaptan Singh Solanki|
|27||Uttar Pradesh||Ram Naik|
|28||Uttarakhand||Beby Rani Morya|
|29||West Bengal||Keshari Nath Tripathi|
Current Lieutenant Governors and Administrators of Union Territories
|Sr.||Office and union territory||Name|
|1||Lieutenant Governor of Andaman and Nicobar Islands||Jagdish Mukhi|
|2||Administrator of Chandigarh||Kaptan Singh Solanki|
|3||Administrator of Dadra and Nagar Haveli||Vikram Dev Dutt|
|4||Administrator of Daman and Diu||Vikram Dev Dutt|
|5||Lieutenant Governor of Delhi||Anil Baijal|
|6||Administrator of Lakshadweep||Vijay Kumar|
|7||Lieutenant Governor of Puducherry||Kiran Bedi|